Migraine headaches are painful, throbbing headaches that last from 4 to 72 hours. When you have a migraine, it may be so painful that you are not able to do your usual activities; 90% of people can't function normally with a migraine headache. While about 30 million Americans are affected by migraines, women are three times more likely than men to suffer from them.
Researchers have not identified what causes migraines; however, family history plays a significant role.
Certain triggers may cause a migraine to start. Your triggers may be different from someone else's. Some of the common triggers include:
- Not eating.
- Poor sleep habits.
- A change from your normal routine.
- Red wine.
- Monosodium glutamate (MSG).
- Strong odors.
Often times becoming familiar with one's individual headache pattern and triggers can go a long way in preventing attacks. Headache experts also recommend having regular mealtimes, waking up at the same time each morning, not smoking, avoiding excessive caffeine, and regular exercise.